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Welfare across borders: solidarity, equality and free movement (LEVEL)

The project's main objective is to analyze the impact of EEA law on the welfare state. It is the first analysis of its kind. The research group includes Europe's leading experts on free movement and European welfare law.

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About the project

Work Package I examines three overarching issues. The first is to what extent the concept of solidarity in EU law is transferrable to the EEA context. Further we examine the reach of the social rights in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and their potential impact within the framework of the EEA agreement. The third question in Work Package I is how the rights in the EEA agreement should be reflected in national legislation. Welfare legislation is aimed at everyone. It is not sufficient to clarify what the rights are about; citizens must also be informed about their rights in a clear and comprehensive manner.

Work Package II deals with four specific issues. First, we will analyze and follow up the legal processes in the aftermath of the Social Security Scandal, as they provide important lessons. Second, we examine the impact of EEA law with regard to so-called activity requirements that pursue the objective of enabling integration into working life. If such requirements make physical presence in Norway necessary, this must be weighed against the right to free movement. Third, we explore the coherence between labour law and social security law with regard to protection of vulnerable groups, such as the self-employed. Fourth, we study patients' rights to receive cross-border treatment and related services throughout the EEA.

Project period

The project will run for four years, starting on 1. October 2021.


The project have financing from the Norwegian Research Council.



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Published Dec. 13, 2021 8:53 AM - Last modified Sep. 13, 2022 1:31 PM