The implementation and enforcement of CITES and the Bern Convention

- in Germany

About the project

This is one of three case studies on the implementation and enforcement of CITES and the Bern Convention in countries with different policies, legal apparatuses, enforcement and challenges regarding wildlife management will be examined.

Each researcher will explore how CITES and the Bern Convention are implemented and enforced in their respective countries through qualitative interviews with police, Customs officials, and staff of environmental agencies and NGOs.  

The case studies will also explore law making and implementation processes relevant to the project’s hypotheses, and like the primary study of Norway, also explore norm entrepreneurship. Comparing these studies with the Norwegian study will offer clarification on if and why there are discrepancies between international treaties and national law and jurisdiction. 


  • To empirically and theoretically explore whether the messages of international conventions (CITES and Bern), and consequently their implementation through regulation and legislation, are ambiguous concerning wildlife protection and animal welfare in Germany.
Published Apr. 2, 2019 1:01 PM - Last modified Apr. 2, 2019 1:41 PM