Wildlife trafficking

Control, enforcement and species justice 

About the project

This case study will comprise an exploration of socio-legal norms relating to wildlife trafficking and its law enforcement through discourse analysis of laws and enforcement of legislation pertaining to CITES in the form of Norwegian verdicts. It will also include an analysis of the problem of mixed signals and the outcome of this for trafficked animals.

This project builds on previous research on wildlife trafficking and a large amount of data that has already been gathered but remains to be analysed, such as 800 penal cases (2001- 2013) related to CITES-listed animals, as identified by police. Interviews with law enforcement agents, experts, and offenders in Norway that were collected for previous research will be complemented with 5–10 new interviews to provide a broader picture of enforcement practice over time.

They will be analysed in relation to the penal cases and earlier verdicts in order to explore the priorities of agencies involved in CITES enforcement and their knowledge of the convention. 


  • To explore the regulation, rationale behind and enforcement of wildlife conservation, the normative and socio-legal messages of this enforcement, and their implications for wildlife conservation and individual animal welfare.
  • To broaden and develop green criminology as a field 
Published Mar. 20, 2019 5:07 PM - Last modified Apr. 23, 2019 4:27 PM