CRIMEANTHROP

Criminal justice, wildlife conservation and animal rights in the Anthropocene

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Photo: Scanpix.

About the project

CRIMEANTHROP explores the regulation, rationale behind and enforcement of wildlife conservation, the normative and socio-legal messages of this enforcement, and their implications for wildlife conservation and individual animal welfare.

We will use interdisciplinary grounded theoretical and methodological angles and further contribute towards developing international green criminology.

These approaches enable us to present a comprehensive analysis of contemporary wildlife management, human-animal relations and animal rights. Policies and regulations of CITES and the Bern Convention and their impact concerning wildlife trade and human management of endangered predator species will be examined in four countries with different, local, and socio-legal conditions: Norway, as primary site of investigation, with UK, Germany, and Spain as supporting case studies. Qualitative methodologies; interviews with politicians and bureaucrats, law enforcement agencies and NGOs (e.g. WWF,NOAH) will be employed in each case country. CITES and the Bern Convention, national preparatory works, legislation and case law will be subject to discourse analysis. We will empirically and theoretically explore the implementation of CITES and the Bern Convention in the four locations, building on and expanding green criminology scholarship through interdisciplinary approaches from law, political science, criminology, and philosophy. 

Objectives

  • To empirically and theoretically explore whether the messages of international conventions (CITES and Bern), and consequently their regulation/legislation and implementation, are ambiguous concerning wildlife protection and animal welfare in Norway, UK, Germany, and Spain.
  • To broaden and develop green criminology as a field through interdisciplinary, international cooperation.
  • To examine whether unclear normative messages conveyed by CITES and the Bern Convention may hinder implementation and compliance as well as the achievement of further goals such as awareness raising, wildlife conservation, and ecosystem protection.
  • To theoretically and empirically explore possible differences in influences and outcomes of  political decision making concerning wildlife management in order to assess whether this affects states' success in complying with CITES and the Bern Convention and their practices concerning individual and species protection.

Outcomes

If the implications of CRIMEANTHROP's hypotheses prove true; that the messages conveyed by the conventions are ambiguous; failing to educate about and protect endangered species; and that individual and species protection is insufficiently integrated into member states' conservation approaches resulting in continued exploitation  and abuse, then endangered wildlife and species survival will be further threatened, prolonging and strengthening species ectinction.

Sub-projects

Financing

CRIMEANTHROP is funded by the Research Council of Norway's Independent projects (FRIPRO) programme.

Cooperation

This is a cooperation between project partners University of Northumbria, University of Colorado Denver and University of Granada. 

Publications

  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2021). Green Criminology: Its Foundation in Critical Criminology and the Way Forward. . The Howard Journal of Communications. ISSN 1064-6175. 60(3), p. 304–322. doi: 10.1111/hojo.12421. Full text in Research Archive
  • Sollund, Ragnhild & Rodriguez Goyes, David (2021). State-organized crime and the killing of wolves in Norway. Trends in Organized Crime. ISSN 1084-4791. 24, p. 467–484. doi: 10.1007/s12117-021-09420-3. Full text in Research Archive
  • Rodriguez Goyes, David (2021). CONTENDING PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATIONS IN INTERNATIONAL WILDLIFE LAW: A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF CITES AND THE BERN CONVENTION . Revista Catalana de Dret Ambiental. ISSN 2014-038X. 12(1), p. 1–35. doi: 10.17345/rcda3051. Full text in Research Archive
  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2021). The development of the enforcement of CITES in Norway: Discretionary omissions and theriocides. Revista Catalana de Dret Ambiental. ISSN 2014-038X. 12(1). doi: 10.17345/rcda3086. Full text in Research Archive
  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2021). Introduction to the special issue of CRIMEANTHROP: Criminal Justice, wildlife conservation and animal rights in the ANTHROPOCENE. Revista Catalana de Dret Ambiental. ISSN 2014-038X. 12(1). doi: 10.17345/RCDA3112. Full text in Research Archive
  • Lie, Martine S. B. (2021). “Humane Theriocides”: Traces of Compassion for Animals in the Norwegian Legal Discourse on Illegal Bear and Wolf Killings. Revista Catalana de Dret Ambiental. ISSN 2014-038X. 12(1). doi: 10.17345/rcda3085. Full text in Research Archive
  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2019). Wildlife Management, Species Injustice and Ecocide in the Anthropocene. Critical Criminology. ISSN 1205-8629. p. 1–19. doi: 10.1007/s10612-019-09469-1.

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  • Rodriguez Goyes, David (2021). Ratification, so what? The Norwegian adoption of international wildlife law.
  • Lie, Martine S. B. (2021). Presentation of research from Norway: “Humane Theriocides”: Traces of Compassion for Animals in the Norwegian Legal Discourse on Illegal Bear and Wolf Killings.
  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2021). Wildlife trade and crime.
  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2021). Ulovlig handel med truede arter.
  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2021). Presentation of research from Norway: The Development of Enforcement of CITES in Norway: Discretionary Omissions and Theoricides.
  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2021). Hvor mye skal ulven tåle? . Dagsavisen. ISSN 1503-2892.
  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2021). Slipp dyrene fri, det er vår! . Klassekampen. ISSN 0805-3839.
  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2021). Norge skyter ulv ulovlig. Kan vi da forvente at andre land tar vare på sine truede arter? Forskersonen.no.
  • Sollund, Ragnhild & Topdahl, Rolv Christian (2020). Mener Kina ikke går langt nok i å forhindre en ny pandemi. NRK.
  • Lie, Martine S. B. (2020). An assessment of NGOs’ use of “lawfare” as a strategy to ensure compliance with the Bern Convention and protection of endangered large predators in Norway.
  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2020). Internasjonale konvensjoner rettferdiggjør handel med ville dyr . [Business/trade/industry journal]. Apollon.
  • Ystehede, Per Jørgen & Sollund, Ragnhild (2019). Internasjonale konvensjoner på villspor. [Internet]. Universitetet i Oslo.
  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2019). Crimeanthrope .
  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2019). Ikke lat som om de er beskyttet. [Newspaper]. Dagsavisen.
  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2019). Troféjakt, konservering og etikk. [Newspaper]. Dagens Næringsliv.
  • Sollund, Ragnhild & Ystehede, Per Jørgen (2019). International conventions on the wrong track . [Internet]. Universitetet i Oslo.
  • Lie, Martine Synnøve Bergersen (2019). Large predator management versus the intrinsic value of animals.
  • Rodríguez Goyes, David (2019). Legal and moral foundations of CITES and Bern conventions: Priorities, conflicts and ambiguities.
  • Sollund, Ragnhild (2019). The Critical Criminologist: Spotlight. The Critical Criminologist: Spotlight. 27(2).
  • Sollund, Ragnhild & Myrtveit, Aase Cathrine (2019). Handel med ville dyr. NRK.

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Published Mar. 20, 2019 4:29 PM - Last modified June 30, 2022 11:56 AM