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The NCHR Occasional Paper Series is an open publication channel reflecting the work carried out by the Centre as a whole on a range of human rights topics. It is published on an irregular basis, with contributions from NCHR’s researchers, guests, master students, and the various international programmes and thematic working groups.
The objective of the Series is to provide an insight into the work carried out at the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, and disseminate it both internally and externally. It provides a way for NCHR’s staff and students to publish relevant information in a freely accessible format.
Its scope includes activity reports, thematic reports, conference/seminar papers, master theses, reflective essays or reports on completed projects. The papers are published by submission or invitation.
The papers are published in the name of the author, and their views do not necessarily reflect those of the NCHR.
Editor: Stener Ekern Editorial assistant: Torhild Breidlid
The Food, Human Rights and Corporations (FoHRC) Research and action network, which is affiliated to the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights (NCHR), is pleased to present a new collection of papers based on one of its seminars held in collaboration with FIAN Norway, and this time also the Norwegian National Nutrition Council.
The seminar from which material to the Occasional Paper #10-2018 is provided from, dealt with aspects of nutritional health as impacted through the intermediary of the diet and in a human rights perspective. With the title Human Rights and Healthy Diets, the seminar was pre-announced by asking Does the food industry have a responsibility to respect the human right to adequate food and diet-related health?. The seminar took as a point of departure the challenges to businesses and governments seen through the lens of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, illuminated by five different actors.
Sarah Gwyneth McMains completed her Master of Philosophy in the Theory and Practice of Human Rights at the University of Oslo in 2017. Her master’s thesis is titled “Translating feminist norms and strategies through sexual and gender-based violence programming in Somalia: An explorative approach to understanding norm internalization”. In it, she explores and analyzes various translation processes of international norms into a domestic setting through SGBV programming in Somalia. The goal of the exploration was to deepen understanding of the nuanced processes involved in norm internalization and how it impacts the long-term sustainability of SGBV programming. Her research and fieldwork in Kenya were funded by a scholarship graciously received from Fritt Ord.
She currently volunteers with the Vigdís Freedom Foundation (Oslo) as a Project and Legal Coordinator. The Foundation is a non-profit organization that advocates for and supports women prisoners of conscience and human rights defenders.
On 13 June 2016 a seminar titled Investments and Land Rights – the role of the private sector in ensuring responsible governance of tenure - was held in Oslo, arranged by the interdisciplinary research and action network Food, Human Rights and Corporations (FoHRC) and FIAN Norway. This was not a typical academic seminar focused on producing academic publications – just as important was to engage with government and civil society, bringing attention to, and learning about the issues raised.
In this publication we present a number of short essays developed from the workshop presentations. They are introduced by Aksel Tømte, who moderated the morning session and here sets the stage for the issues concerned, and also briefly reviews the various contributions to this publication
The programme for the seminar is attached at the end of the publication.
Zoë Eunjae Lee graduated from the Master of Philosophy programme in the Theory and Practice of Human Rights at the University of Oslo in 2016.
In it, she explores the protection void presented in the case study of North Korean refugees and questions whether the findings prompt the international community to reinterpret non-refoulement obligation. She currently works at the Norwegian Human Rights Fund.
Rettsstaten – en veiledning for politikere foreligger nå på norsk, takket være tidligere vitenskapelig assistent Agnieszka Cybulska, som har oversatt heftet fra engelsk etter oppdrag fra SMR.
Formålet med denne veiledningen, som opprinnelig er et samarbeidsprosjekt mellom Raoul Wallenberg-instituttet for menneskerettigheter og internasjonal humanitærrett ved Lunds universitet i Sverige og Hague Institute for Internationalisation of Law (HiiL) i Nederland, er å gi politikere en innføring i rettsstatens grunnleggende prinsipper.
Marek Linha graduated from the University of Oslo in 2014. His master thesis titled Counter-terrorism and social rights: The assessment of adverse effects of counter-terrorism on social rights of families of terror suspects and convicts in Indonesia investigates how the enforcement of counter-terrorism measures in Indonesia has led to serious interference with social rights of families of terror suspects and convicts, potentially amounting to violations of international human rights law.
The NCHR Indonesia programme assisted Marek with realizing an internship at a research institute in Indonesia, as well as conducting a field trip, making it possible for him to collect important data. He is currently working as an advisor at the Norwegian Organization for Asylum Seekers (NOAS).
Anne Christine Lie graduated from the University of Oslo in 2014. Her master thesis is titled Rethinking Rural Resistance in China: A Case Study of the 2011 Wukan Incident in Guandong province.
This thesis is a qualitative study of how the Wukan case, in which people protested the illegal sale of their farmland, can contribute to our understanding of rural unrest in China. The thesis considers this through the theory of rightful resistance, as put forth by Kevin O’Brien and Li Lianjiang.
Anne Christine Lie was affiliated with the NCHR through the China Programme, from which she received a master student scholarship.
Denne rapporten om regionale menneskerettighetssystemer ble utarbeidet etter anmodning fra Utenriksdepartementet tidlig i 2014.
Rapporten gir en mer omfattende fremstilling av de tre regionale menneskerettighetssystemene i Amerika, Afrika og Asia som presenteres i kapittel 6 i Stortingsmeldingen om menneskerettigheter (Meld. St. 10, 2014-2015).
Kristian Espelid graduated from the University in Bergen in 2014. His master thesis titled Judicial Independence in China: A Post-totalitarian Story examines to what extent the Chinese judiciary is politically independent, and identifies the factors that can help explain the degree of judicial independence.
Kristian was affiliated with the NCHR through the China Programme, from which he received a master student scholarship.
Marit Lomundal Sæther ble uteksaminert fra Universitetet i Bergen (UiB) i 2014 og er per dags dato ansatt ved Nasjonal Institusjon på Norsk senter for menneskerettigheter. Hennes masteroppgave med tittelen Isolert fra rettssikkerhet? Forvaltningens kontroll og overprøving av fengselsbesluttede isolasjonsvedtak omhandler kriminalomsorgens internkontroll ved bruk av isolasjon. Oppgaven er også relevant for UiOs forskningsprosjekt Skandinavisk isolasjonsnettverk. Avhandlingen publiseres uten endringer, slik den ble levert.